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WINTER WHEAT

WINTER WHEAT

SEED

$5.75
$5.75

Product Description:

Triticum aestivum This cool-weather grain is quick germinating, cold tolerant, and has an extensive fibrous root system. Adaptable to a wide range of soils, Winter Wheat is sown in late summer for erosion control and tilled under in early spring to add organic matter. Winter hardy nearly anywhere, and won't go to seed until its second year of growth. Recommended seeding rate: 3-4 pounds per 1000 square feet; 70-150 pounds per acre.
Soil Temp for Germ 45-75°F
Days to Emergence 5-15

Culture
• Grains require modest levels of nutrition to produce good quality proteins
• Excessive soil fertility will cause lower protein levels and may lead to lodging (heavy heads falling over)
• Winter varieties require cold temperatures in order to produce seed heads (vernalize) in spring; they should be planted in the fall

Direct Sowing
• Plant mid-September through mid-October
• For the smaller-scale grower, broadcast the seed over the surface of the soil and rake in to ensure good soil contact
• Recommended seeding rate: 3 1/2 lbs per 1000 square feet
• Seed can also be drilled at 2 1/2 lbs per 1000 square feet—plant 1-2 inches deep
• Mulch with clean straw or leaves to 4 inches

Insects & Diseases
• Common insects: aphids, thrips
• Insect control: Neem oil or Pyrethrin
• Common diseases: stripe rust, stem rust, powdery mildew
• Disease prevention: plant disease resistant varieties, for powdery mildew use Zero Tolerance® Herbal Fungicide

Harvest & Storage
• Both winter and spring varieties of grains are generally ready for harvest in August
• Timing the harvest to ensure optimal moisture level reduces loss to shatter or grain resprouting—seed heads should be dry and resist denting by fingernail (ideal moisture content is 13% or less)
• Small-scale wheat growers can use a hand sickle to harvest—tie into bundles, called "shocks," and stack upright in the field to dry before threshing
• “Hulless” varieties can easily be cleaned by hand-threshing and winnowing; other varieties may require flailing or mechanical threshing
• Store in airtight containers in a cool, dry location
• Complete harvest and storage information included with each order

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