Rubus fruticosus x R. idaeus
Choose a site that has full sunlight and fertile, loamy soils. Caneberries require good drainage, so avoid waterlogged areas. If the site has a drainage problem plant on a ridge or raised bed. It's best to avoid a location where tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, or potatoes have been planted within the last 3 years.
Prepare your planting site in early spring. The soil pH should be between 5.8 and 6.5. Choose a site with high organic content or add compost before planting. Work the soil to a depth of about 8 inches.
Prepare your soil and plant as early as spring permits; frost will not harm them. Plant spacing is 3 feet apart within the row and 10 feet between rows. Proper planting depth is 1-2 inches lower than the nursery soil line (dark brown line on cane). Dig holes that are large enough to prevent roots from crowding together. Place roots in hole and fill with soil. Pack firmly for good root and soil contact. Water the plants in well. Trellising your plants helps keep them manageable and healthy.
Apply 3 pounds of Territorial's Complete Fertilizer or 1 pound of 10-10-10 fertilizer per 100 feet of row at 10 days to 40 days after planting. In years to follow, apply 5 pounds of Territorial's Complete Fertilizer or 2-3 pounds of 10-10-10 per 100 feet of row in the spring (before growth starts) and again in May. Maintain good weed control. If using mechanical weed control do not work soil very deeply as caneberry roots are shallow.
Pruning has a major impact on the production of quality caneberry fruit. It will affect growth rate, fruit number, size, and disease susceptibility.
Will produce fruit the second year, so first year canes just produce leaves. After harvesting the fruit, cut those canes all the way to the ground. Any weak or damaged canes can be removed as well. Thin the remaining canes, leaving the largest and sturdiest ones to produce.
Will produce a heavy crop of fruit on first-year canes near the end of the season and another, lighter crop on the same canes the following summer. Some gardeners prefer to allow their plants to produce the first, bigger crop on first year canes. Cut all the canes to the ground in early spring when the plants are still dormant. If you'd rather allow the canes to produce their second harvest, you'll need to leave the first year canes intact after they have yielded their harvest. Cut the second year canes to the ground after they have produced their early summer crop.
Pests & Diseases
Generally free of pests and diseases. If birds are eating too many berries, we recommend using BirdBlock Protective Netting.