Product Description:

Triticum aestivum Steeped in history, this ancient grain traces its roots back to its arrival in North America in the sixteenth century. Native people in regions of Mexico and Arizona quickly embraced the soft white spring wheat for the delicious, fine flour it produces. Now, this heirloom grain is enjoying a resurgence in popularity with both home gardeners and bakers. Pima Club produces compact, flattened, beardless seed heads with plump kernels that are easy to separate from the chaff. The soft grain grinds easily to a lower gluten flour that's well-suited for making delicate cookies and pastries. Self-sustainers can use excess starch from the grain to convert to alcohol for fuel, and the remainder of the plant makes good quality bedding straw or garden mulch. In areas with milder winters, fall-planted Pima Club takes the garden seamlessly from the end of summer's tomatoes and squash to the following spring, requiring little, if any special attention during the growing period. In colder zones, plant Pima Club in spring. Adaptable to a range of soil types. Recommended seeding rate: 70-100 pounds per acre.
Soil Temp for Germ 45-75°F
Days to Emergence 5-15

• Grains require modest levels of nutrition to produce good quality proteins
• Excessive soil fertility will cause lower protein levels and may lead to lodging (heavy heads falling over)
• Winter varieties require cold temperatures in order to produce seed heads (vernalize) in spring; they should be planted in the fall

Direct Sowing
• Plant mid-September through mid-October
• For the smaller-scale grower, broadcast the seed over the surface of the soil and rake in to ensure good soil contact
• Recommended seeding rate: 3 1/2 lbs per 1000 square feet
• Seed can also be drilled at 2 1/2 lbs per 1000 square feet—plant 1-2 inches deep
• Mulch with clean straw or leaves to 4 inches

Insects & Diseases
• Common insects: aphids, thrips
• Insect control: Neem oil or Pyrethrin
• Common diseases: stripe rust, stem rust, powdery mildew
• Disease prevention: plant disease resistant varieties, for powdery mildew use Neem oil

Harvest & Storage
• Both winter and spring varieties of grains are generally ready for harvest in August
• Timing the harvest to ensure optimal moisture level reduces loss to shatter or grain resprouting—seed heads should be dry and resist denting by fingernail (ideal moisture content is 13% or less)
• Small-scale wheat growers can use a hand sickle to harvest—tie into bundles, called "shocks," and stack upright in the field to dry before threshing
• “Hulless” varieties can easily be cleaned by hand-threshing and winnowing; other varieties may require flailing or mechanical threshing
• Store in airtight containers in a cool, dry location
• Complete harvest and storage information included with each order